En collaboration avec Nicolas Vaillant (UCL), François-Charles Wolff (LEMNA)
Abstract: This article explores the performance of judicial conciliation activities in French District Courts from a production perspective using data envelopment analysis. Based on a panel data set of 473 courts from 2003 to 2006, we consider a model with four inputs (number of conciliators, duty rooms, seisins from litigants, referrals from judges), two final output (conciliations from judges, conciliations from litigants) and one intermediate output (number of visits). We determine the efficiency score of courts using a badoutput data envelopment analysis model. Our main finding is that the average inefficiency of French conciliation activities is relatively high and has remained rather constant over the period. We emphasize
some differences compared to efficiency scores from a standard efficiency model where the number of visits is treated as an additional input. Finally, a second-stage analysis shows that the efficiency score of the courts are more important when the conciliator is a woman.
Keywords: courts, judicial conciliation, efficiency analysis, DEA, bad output
JEL classification codes : D240, K410
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